Thursday, 26 July 2012

Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses Biography
Cross was the third son born to English-born parents, Theophilus Edwin Cross, builder and architect,[1] and his wife Florence, née Stanbrough,[2] who met in Brisbane, married in Sydney then sought their fortune in the United States. His father hoped to make money there but only found work as a carpenter (he became secretary of the American Carpenters’ Union).[3] Cross was born on 3 December 1888 in Los Angeles, California.

The family returned to Australia in 1892[4] when Stan was four years old and settled in Perth, Western Australia. Cross was a gifted student who attended Perth High School on a scholarship.[1] The University of Adelaide offered him a scholarship but Cross turned it down due to his father's ill-health.[2] He left school at sixteen and joined the State Government Railways Department as a clerical cadet.[4] He studied art for a number of years during the evenings at Perth Technical School. In 1912 at the age of twenty four,he resigned[1] from his job and with the financial assistance of his brother he travelled to London to study at St Martin's School,[5] during this time some of his cartoons were accepted by Punch.[4][3] Before sailing for England he exhibited his paintings and pen-and-ink works twice in Perth, the first with the West Australian Society of Arts at their 1913 Annual Exhibition, and the second in March 1914, with another Perth artist, Michael McKinlay.[1] On returning back to Perth he contributed freelance drawings to the Western Mail and The Sunday Times,[4] and whilst working as a railways draftsman in 1918 when he was offered a job by Ernie Brewer of Smith's Weekly at ₤5 a week. Cross accepted the position and moved to Sydney in 1919.[1]
On 31 July 1920 Cross' first comic strip, The Man Who Waited was published in Smith's Weekly, this was followed in the next week by the first episode of You & Me. Originally a satire featuring the characters, "Mr Pott" and "Whalesteeth", designed as a means of offering political comment. It was however quickly converted into a domestic humour strip. Cross continued to draw the weekly strip for nineteen years until he left Smith's in late December 1939 when the strip was taken over by Jim Russell in 1940 and renamed to Mr & Mrs Potts.[4]

Fantasy artists use imagination as a basis for their creations, they utilize some form of realism, cleverly intertwined with the extraordinary to create powerful art. Fantasy artists often use precise techniques to realistically portray the texture, structure and lighting of objects from reality together with imaginary elements, (monsters, wings etc.) challenging our perception of of the world and stretching the boundaries of our imagination. Pencils, because of their accuracy can be daunting but equally beautiful, ideal for photo realism to cartoons and obviously, fantasy art.
As fantasy art often demands realistic and precise drawing I am concentrating on more refined drawing techniques, although I will briefly touch on sketching skills.

Getting Started
Once you have decided on your subject, you will need to choose the best techniques and materials for your work of pencil genius.
Pencils, a Brief Overview
Pencils range in hardness and blackness from 9H to 9B. Pencil manufacturers use the letter "H" to indicate a hard pencil and "B" to designate the blackness of the pencil's mark. The letter "F" indicates that the pencil sharpens to a fine point. 9H pencil is the hardest pencil available. 9B is the softest pencil you can get and it will create the darkest lines. My ‘pencil kit’ ranges from 2H to 2B, but I recommend using up to a 6B for deep shadows and bold, dark lines. You will find that any harder that 2H is quite difficult to use and may create dents in your paper.
For fine details, you will often require a sharp pencil, or a mechanical pencil. Using a sharp or mechanical pencil with keep all your strokes fine and small.
Paper & Other Materials
You will also require good quality paper, an eraser and a sharpener. Make sure you have a clean and uncluttered desk to draw on, or if that is impossible or you are outside, draw on a solid clipboard with a bulldog clip to stop your paper from flying.
You might find the kneaded rubber eraser to be an invaluable tool for eliminating erroneous lines and softening tone as you have a lot more control than a generic rubber. Using a patting technique you can gently lighten areas which are too dark, or to harmonize incongruent tone. (Or you might find it a complete waste of money, as personally, I hate kneaded erases, they are too malleable, and when molded to a fine point never stay that way.)
Your papers’ texture can drastically determine the kind of drawing you will create, and may require different pencils. Drawing realistically, with plenty of details requires smoother paper, characterized by not very much tooth (texture) so that the individual pencil strokes are barely evident. Rough paper holds more graphite than smooth paper, allowing your drawings to have deeper shadows, and more contrast, though the grainy texture of rough paper makes it difficult to render fine detail. Drawing on smooth paper requires softer pencils to create dark shades.
Medium paper give the best of both worlds (purchase it if you are unsure of your own preference), paper with enough ‘tooth’ to grasp the graphite without producing a metallic sheen, but smooth enough to allow for the application of relatively fine detail. I draw on 100% cotton Rag paper, which is long lasting and gives me the freedom to watercolour my drawings.
Holding Your Pencil
To draw with a pencil skillfully you must be able to hold your pencil in a comfortable position where you have optimal control. If you have pain in the hand or shoulder after a long drawing session, it could be an indication of holding your pencil ‘incorrectly’. Don’t grip relentlessly to your pencil, and drive it into your paper with your entire body weight! The paper is not your enemy, soothe it with delicate, beautiful pencil stokes and it with reward your poise with a lovely drawing.
There is no real ‘correct’ way to hold a pencil when drawing; it is a matter of personal preference, and comfort. Experiment with different grips (perhaps the way you hold your fork or maybe in a similar way to how you hold chopsticks).
Drawing Techniques
The technique you use will habitually be determined by the initial purpose of your drawing, or the aspirations you have for the illustration. Sketching for a watercolour would require an entirely different technique than that for a detailed photo-realistic drawing. You have most likely seen the techniques cross-hatching, circles, scribbles and contour lines and you may have even experimented with a couple, but have you ever completed your final work with these techniques?
Before you start experimenting make sure you know…
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Pencil Drawings Of Crosses
Cross Assault In Street Fighter X Tekken  
 Drawing - Yuuki Cross 

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